Hanuman: The 11th Rudra Avatar of Lord Shiva, Troubles’ Destroyer, and Lord Rama’s Ally

In the vast tapestry of Hindu mythology, the divine figures that inhabit its pantheon are as diverse as they are powerful. Among them stands Hanuman or Bajrangbali, the 11th Rudra avatar of Lord Shiva and a central character in the epic Ramayana.

Known as the “destructor of troubles” or Sankat Mochan, Hanuman’s birth as a Monkey God was destined to assist Lord Rama, the 7th incarnation of Lord Vishnu, in his quest to vanquish evil. This article delves into the remarkable tale of Hanuman and his extraordinary role as the epitome of loyalty, strength, and devotion.

Birth and Origins

Hanuman’s origin story lies intertwined with the celestial events of the Treta Yuga. It is believed that he was born to Anjana and Kesari, two divine beings who yearned for a child.

Pleased with their devotion, Lord Shiva granted them their wish and blessed Anjana with a son who possessed immense strength and intelligence. Thus, Hanuman, with his distinctive monkey features and supernatural abilities, came into existence.

Physical Attributes and Powers

Hanuman’s appearance reflects his simian lineage. He is often depicted as a muscular figure with a reddish hue, a long tail, and a face adorned with a Vanara (monkey) visage. Despite his seemingly animalistic form, Hanuman’s abilities surpassed those of mortal beings.

His strength knew no bounds, and he possessed the power to grow and shrink at will. With the ability to leap across vast distances, Hanuman became known as the “Vanara with the Golden Tail.” His most remarkable feat was his ability to fly across the skies, attributed to his divine parentage.

Devotion to Lord Rama

Hanuman’s significance in Hindu mythology is inseparable from his unwavering devotion to Lord Rama. When Lord Rama, accompanied by his loyal brother Lakshmana and devoted wife Sita, embarked on a journey to rescue Sita from the clutches of the demon king Ravana, Hanuman emerged as their steadfast ally. Hanuman’s devotion to Lord Rama knew no bounds, and his actions throughout the epic Ramayana serve as a testament to his unwavering loyalty.

Significant Contributions in the Ramayana

Hanuman’s role in the Ramayana was pivotal, and his actions showcased his immense power and intelligence. Here are a few noteworthy contributions:

  1. The Meeting with Lord Rama: When Hanuman encountered Lord Rama and Lakshmana in the forest, he immediately recognized their divine essence. He pledged his unwavering allegiance and offered his services to aid in their mission.
  2. The Search for Sita: Hanuman embarked on an epic journey to find Sita, who had been abducted by Ravana and taken to Lanka. With his incredible abilities, Hanuman leaped across the ocean and infiltrated Lanka. His discreet search eventually led him to Sita, giving hope to Lord Rama and his allies.
  3. The Burning of Lanka: In a daring display of power, Hanuman set fire to Ravana’s city, Lanka, using his burning tail. This act of valor struck fear into Ravana’s heart and displayed Hanuman’s role as the destroyer of evil forces.
  4. The Battle of Lanka: During the final battle between Lord Rama’s forces and Ravana’s army, Hanuman showcased his martial prowess, fearlessly combating the demons. His valor and immense strength proved instrumental in securing victory for Lord Rama.

Legacy and Worship

Hanuman’s devotion to Lord Rama, his selflessness, and his unwavering loyalty have made him a revered figure in Hinduism. He symbolizes the qualities of determination, devotion, and bravery, inspiring millions around the world.

Hanuman Jayanti, his birth anniversary, is celebrated with great fervor, especially in North India. Devotees chant the Hanuman Chalisa, a hymn praising his divine attributes, seeking his blessings for strength, courage, and protection from troubles.


Hanuman, the 11th Rudra avatar of Lord Shiva, is an extraordinary deity in Hindu mythology. His birth as a Monkey God and his role as the “destructor of troubles” or Sankat Mochan is a testament to his immense power and unwavering devotion.

As the epitome of loyalty, strength, and courage, Hanuman’s contributions in assisting Lord Rama during the Ramayana make him a revered figure, inspiring devotees to emulate his qualities of devotion and righteousness.

Hanuman’s tale serves as a reminder that even in the face of adversity, unwavering faith and devotion can lead to triumph over evil and the eradication of troubles.

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